Spicebush (Lindera benzoin)
Spicebush (Lindera benzoin)

Spice Bush (Lindera benzoin)

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Host to spice bush swallowtail larvae. Female plants have red berries. A large shrub for shade.
Item #: LIBEN
Binomial Linera benzoin

Spice bush is a large, multi-stemmed shrub that could be used to create a border. The twigs and leaves are aromatic and can be used to make a tea. The fruits can be dried and powdered to be used as a spice. Spice bush is an important plant for birds feeding on the fruits. It is also a host plant for the spicebush swallowtail whose larvae (caterpillars) mimic the appearance of Central American snakes.

This is a dioecious plant, which means male and female flowers occur on separate plants. The female plants will have bright red fruits beginning in September. They are fairly easy to transplant or grow from seed. To germinate, remove the seed from the fruit and sow right away; it should sprout the following spring.

Uses: Shrub border, butterflies, shady areas, rain gardens, birds, edible
Bloom time: Yellow flowers in February and March; fruits September

Height: 6 to 14 feet
Space: 5 to 10 feet

Moisture: Average to moist
Sunlight: Light to full shade

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