Wild leek is an attractive, edible plant whose foliage is one of the first to appear every spring. While it can tolerate a fair amount of sunlight, it will require less maintenance if grown in shaded areas with rich soil. When encountered in natural conditions, it is often found in large clonal colonies that have spread via short rhizomes. It often acts as a spring ephemeral. By May, when the flower buds appear, the foliage often begins to disappear. White flowers bloom in June and July and are primarily pollinated by solitary bees.
Uses: Medicinal, edible, pollinators, shade gardens
Bloom time: June -July
Height: 6 to 18 inches
Space: 8 to 14 inches
Sun: Medium sun to full shade
Moisture: Average (may require occasional watering in sunnier areas)
Seeds: Ripe seeds can be found beginning in October. They will be dark gray, similar in size and shape to BBs, and wrapped in a loose papery sheathe that turns from green to white. They germinate best with a brief warm period before overwintering, so sowing as soon as possible in fall is best. Seeds sown in spring may not germinate until the next spring.